Injuries are a very unpredictable aspect of life. In the simplest terms, injury occurs when the load demands exceed load capacity of a specific part of the body.
However, that is typically just the proverbial "straw that broke the camel's back." In other words, the actual injury is often just a culmination of a cascade of events that had been going on previously, often unbeknownst to us until the injury actually occurs.
There is research to suggest that injuries like Achilles tears occur in already degenerative tendons. Most acute injuries might have chronic underpinnings - outside of the freak collision injury of course.
So, for example we can look at a situation where athletes are exerting himself/herself at a high level. In this situation, the two might have sub-optimal levels of micronutrients such as vitamin D. A reduction in vitamin D decreases the ability to rebuild bones. On top of that, they might also be not eating enough carbs and protein. This leads to a situation where you have an increase in stress hormones like cortisol, which breaks down bone and other tissues when present chronically at higher levels than needed. So next thing you know, you have a stress fracture and you blame biomechanics but in fact it may stem from the inability to properly adapt, resulting from poor biochemistry.
Additionally, your body needs protein to rebuild, so it is important that your protein intake matches up with the intensity of your training, as we discussed in a previous post. Make sure to check out our Whey Protein Isolate for your post-workout recovery needs!
We must look at all facets of health, nutrition, and training to hopefully be able to reduce our injury risk. Training for performance and injury risk reduction can go hand in hand if programmed properly. For example, many prehab/activation exercises can be implemented in dynamic warm-ups to work on specific weak points or high-risk areas.
Making sure you are monitoring your fatigue regularly with subjective tools like RPE, objective tools like HRV, making sure you are getting all your macro and micronutrients, always staying properly hydrated, and getting regular bloodwork are all crucial aspects of the process as well.